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Learn about cannabis

What is Cannabis?

Cannabis is the term commonly used for the plant or flower of the Cannabaceae family. It’s been consumed by humans for longer than we’ve written stuff down.

Sativa and Indica

There are two main types of cannabis for human use: Sativa and Indica. Each has a different shape, size, leaf and effect. Crossed with each other, they make hybrids. Indica is generally considered to provide a calming and relaxing effect. Sativa can have more energizing, uplifting and cerebral effects.

Hybrids

And those hybrids? Somewhere between the two, with a dominant effect from one of the two parent plants.

THC and CBD

The active compounds in cannabis are cannabinoids. Cannabis has more than 100 of them, of which THC and CBD are the most common.

Odour

Ever noticed the distinct smell of cannabis? You can thank terpenes for that. They’re volatile aromatic compounds in the essential oil of plants, including cannabis.

Trichomes

Terpenes and cannabinoids like THC and CBD are both contained in trichomes, tiny and sticky hairs on the cannabis flower.

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Glossary of Terms

Activated Powder

Activated powder offers a convenient, smoke-free alternative because its cannabinoids are already activated and therefore should not be heated via smoking or vaping. Activated powder can be ingested in foods or taken in a capsule.

 

Cannabidiol (CBD)

One of the two most common cannabinoids, CBD is non-intoxicating and is widely researched and consumed for its therapeutic benefits.

 

Cannabinoids

There are more than 500 components in cannabis, 100 of which are active cannabinoids. These are chemical compounds that interact with the body’s existing endocannabinoid system in impacting the release of neurotransmitters. Linking the brain to the body, this system affects both the central nervous system and peripheral processes that impact things like pain, pleasure, immune function, thermoregulation, mood, appetite, anxiety, stress, pain and inflammation.

 

Cannabis oil

Cannabis oil is a cannabinoid product made by extracting the resin of mature cannabis flowers using a supercritical CO2 extractor. The resulting oil is often consumed in a neutral, ingestible carrier oil, such as a medium-chain triglyceride (MCT).

 

Clones

To maintain genetic consistency throughout generations of plants, growers use clones rather than seeds to start new plants. Clones are obtained from a “mother plant”, then rooted and grown.

 

Crystals

To the naked eye, mature cannabis buds appear to be dusted with crystals, scientifically known as trichomes. Trichomes contain the majority of cannabinoids. See trichomes.

 

Decarboxylation

Decarboxylation refers to the process of converting the acid form of cannabinoids, such as  THC-A and CBD-A, into their activated components through heat. As a result, decarboxylated cannabis does not need to be heated again. It can be consumed in food, drinks or as a capsule.

 

Flower or bud

The cannabis flower, or bud, is the part of the plant used for commercial cannabis products. It contains the highest concentrations of cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD. Cannabis flowers vary in size and colour, depending on the strain.

 

Kief

Kief are the resin glands (also known as trichomes) which contain the terpenes and cannabinoids that give cannabis its unique position in the world of flora. Grinders often come with a 'Kief Catcher' that will collect the trichomes that fall off during the grinding process. See trichomes.

 

Non-activated powder

Simply put, non-activated powder is any dried and milled cannabis powder that has not been decarboxylated. It requires heating through smoking or vaporizing in order to activate the THC or CBD.

 

Microdosing

Microdosing is the practice of consuming a very low dose THC or CBD for therapeutic purposes.

 

Milled

Dried milled cannabis flower is ready to use in a vaporizer. Whether milled in a cannabis grinder or other method, the powder produced offers convenience and ensures uniformity. Any type of cannabis flower can be dried and milled.

 

OG

OG refers to “ocean grown” or OG Kush, a strain believed to have originated in southern California. First adopted in the ’90s, OG is widely used as a medical-grade cannabis and is represented in multiple strain varieties with different phenotypes. OG Kush is just one of many creative names for cannabis strains.

 

Strains

Generally speaking, cannabis types can be identified as Sativa, Indica or hybrid. The famed Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus named Sativa in 1753, which is a taller plant with narrow leaves. Indica, named by French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck in 1785, is a shorter plant with broader leaves. Each of the three types have unique characteristics as medical products.

 

Terpenes

Terpenes are hundreds of aromatic hydrocarbons that occur in plants. In cannabis, terpenes help to distinguish strains by smell and effect. Common terpenes in cannabis include limonene, pinene, myrcene, linalool, eucalyptol and humulene.

 

THC

Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is one of the two most common cannabinoids found in cannabis plant. It is renowned for its psychoactive effects. CBD acts as an antagonist to THC, reducing its psychoactive effects.

 

Trichomes

Trichomes are fine hairs or appendages that occur on a number of plants and algae. They produce cannabinoids and terpenes that differentiate various cannabis strains. The number, shape and size of trichomes vary from strain to strain. See kief or crystals.

 

Vape or vaporizer

A vape is a small, portable vaporizer that heats flowers or oil enough to activate cannabinoids.